While a plant or animal will have different names according to local language and culture, standardized scientific naming follows the Linnaean Classification system. Carl Linnaeus developed the first modern system of binomial nomenclature (meaning the use of two names). When we refer to a organism by its scientific name, the genus is referenced first, followed by the species. In writing, a scientific name is italicized, with the genus capitalized and species in lower-case.
Today, naming a species must follow the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature, which incorporates the organism’s evolutionary history.
Order of Linnaean Taxonomy: